Emerald, Ruby, Black Diamond & Aquamarine Loose Stones

Sale no: 2008905

Sale closed

Emerald, Ruby, Black Diamond & Aquamarine Loose Stones
Sale type
Online Delivery
Start time
01/10/2010 5.00 PM AEST
06/10/2010 4.15 PM AEDT
Deliver to
Nationwide Delivery
Buyers premium
Sales Support
GraysOnline Help Centre
Under instructions from
A R Jewellery

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Catalogue and Bidding available from 01/10/2010 5.00 PM AEST

Diamond Cut

Cut refers not only to a diamonds shape (e.g. round, oval, pear, etc.) but to a diamonds proportions, symmetry and polish. Many gemmologists consider the cut of a diamond to be its most important characteristic. The beauty of a diamond depends more on cut than any other factor. Though extremely difficult to analyse and quantify, diamond cut has three primary effects on appearance: brilliance (the brightness created by the combination of all the white light reflections from the surface and the inside of a polished diamond), fire (the dispersion of light into the colours of the visible spectrum, seen as flashes of colour), and scintillation (the flashes of light and dark, or sparkle, when a diamond or light source is moved). In other words, a diamond with a poor cut will appear dull, even if it has the perfect colour and clarity.

See Diagram below.

Diamond Clarity

Because they are formed deep within the earth under extreme heat and pressure, virtually all diamonds contain "birthmarks"; small imperfections inside the diamond (called inclusions), or on its surface (called blemishes). Clarity refers to the degree to which these imperfections are present. Diamonds which contain numerous or significant inclusions or blemishes have less brilliance because the flaws interfere with the path of light through the diamond.

See Diagram below.

Please note P1 - 3 & I1 - 3 are exactly the same


When it comes to a diamonds colour, many people think that a "good" colour means that it is brilliantly white - but this is seldom the case. Nature has provided a whole spectrum of colours in the makeup of diamonds, including red, pink, green, blue, and yellow. Acting as a prism, a diamond divides light into a spectrum of colours and reflects this light as colourful flashes called fire. The less colour in a diamond means the more colourful the fire, which results in a better colour grade.

The photo below shows a master set used by gemmologists to grade colour in diamonds. Each diamond to be graded is compared to the master set to determine where it should fall on the diamond colour scale. The colours you see below are slightly exaggerated, since viewing diamonds face down makes their body colour more pronounced. The face down orientation makes the detection of body colour easier because brightness and fire are minimized when the diamond is face down.


A diamond or gemstones "Carat" designation is a measurement of both the size and weight of the stone. One "Carat" is a unit of mass that is equal to 0.2 grams (200 milligrams). A carat can also be divided into "points" with one carat being equal to 100 points, and with each point being 2 milligrams in weight. Therefore, a 1/2 carat diamond would be 50 points, a 3/4 carat diamond is 75 points, and a 2 carat diamond is 200 points.When a single piece of jewellery has multiple stones, the total mass of all diamonds or gemstones is referred to as "Total Carat Weight" or "T.C.W."

Two diamonds of equal carat weight may also appear very different in size based on the shape of the diamond. For instance, a 1 carat marquise tends to appear larger than a 1 carat round. The chart below illustrates why. For each diamond, the chart shows the following:

  • Approximate size. The diamond images shown are a very close approximation of the actual size of a 1 carat excellent cut for each shape. Visually, the longer shapes (oval, marquise, pear, emerald) tend to appear larger to the eye than the round and square shapes.
  • Measurements (Length x Width). The measurements correspond to the shape shown above, and are typical for excellent cut diamonds of 1 carat weight.
  • Crown Area - The total surface area (mm2). The area gives the true size of the diamond face up (as it would appear when set in a ring). For example, while the oval diamond image appears larger than the round image, the actual surface area is the same for the two shapes, meaning the difference in size is one of perception, not reality. In contrast, the oval not only appears larger than the princess cut, it actually has a larger surface area (approximately 10% larger in this example), meaning the difference is not simply an illusion created by the elongated shape.

Remember that while the measurements below are typical, every diamond is unique.

Diamond Anatomy

  • Diameter: The width of the diamond as measured through the girdle.
  • Table: The largest facet of a gemstone.
  • Crown: The top portion of a diamond extending from the girdle to the table.
  • Girdle: The intersection of the crown and pavilion which defines the perimeter of the diamond.
  • Pavilion: The bottom portion of a diamond, extending from the girdle to the culet.
  • Culet: The facet at the tip of a gemstone. The preferred culet is not visible with the unaided eye (graded "none" or "small").
  • Depth: The height of a gemstone measured from the culet to the table.

Black Diamonds

A black diamond, or Carbonado originated on earth 3.5 billion years ago. Infernal heat and pressure, under the earths surface transformed the carbon atoms into crystals. Black Diamonds are opaque and just like colour-less diamonds, they are of great hardness that amounts to 10 in the Mohss scale of hardness.

Black Diamonds are full of criss-crossing inclusions containing black deposits of Sulphides which are responsible for their opaque texture. Pitting on the stones surface may also be evident and is quite normal.

As a general rule, black diamonds contain a multitude of grey and dark grey elements the combination of which form the black colour.

Diamonds that naturally occur with shades of colour are referred to as "Fancy". Fancy coloured diamonds are valued by the intensity of their colour concentration. All coloured diamonds belong to the carbon family. The difference of the colour is the result of the different molecular structures of the crystals.

Black diamonds are often enhanced and are still genuine diamonds treated with radiation to make their colour appear more black, or to obtain uniform colour.

It is typically much better quality than a "natural" black diamond due to the nature of its inclusions.

In ancient Italy, a black diamond was regarded as the stone of reconciliation. It was believed that touch of black diamond has the power of patching up all misunderstandings between the warring couples.

About Valuations

Each valuation is produced for "Retail Replacement" in the following environment;

  • Traditional Metropolitan retail outlet
  • In the SydneyCBD
  • Based upon Australian material & labour costs.

When a valuer generates a valuation for "Retail Replacement" he is trying to most accurately determine what that item would sell for in the above retail environment. As grading diamonds and precious stones is not an exact art variations do occur.

Delivery Information

Delivery Terms and Conditions

All freight prices quoted for this sale include packaging, handling and insurance.

All freight prices are charged from the originating warehouse to your delivery postcode and involve one delivery attempt by our nominated courier. If no one is available to meet the courier, Australia Post will leave a card with the address of the Post Office designated for collection. Deliveries need to be collected within five business days. After this, a second reminder card will be delivered to your address. If the goods are not collected in the next five business days, the item will be returned to GraysOnline.

If your item is delivered by Messenger Post and no one is available to meet the courier, a card with Messenger Post contact details will be left for you to make arrangements, for the second delivery attempt.

If the above attempts by Australia Post/ Messenger Post fail and item is returned to GraysOnline, a fee will be charged if re-delivery is required.

It is important that you check the freight charge for your item prior to placing a bid or a sale order by using the Shipping Calculator.

No customer pickups are allowed from the warehouse, unless specified in this Sale Overview as a Pick Up sale.

Delivery Time:

Delivery times can be anywhere between 2 and 10 working days from payment date, depending on your location. Most items are shipped the next day.

We ask you to allow up to 10 working days from the date of payment for the delivery of your goods. You will be sent an email notifying you when your item has left our warehouse.

This email will include the name of the carrier company and the consignment note number of your item, together with online tracking information. Please follow the link to the relevant website, enter your reference number for fast and efficient tracking on the delivery status of your item.

It is important to update your address prior to bidding.

Your goods will be delivered to your registered address. Australia Post parcel delivery standards will apply for regional and country areas, as well as commercial buildings.

Once an auction is closed or an order placed on Buy Now, our fully automated despatch process is activated to ensure fast and efficient delivery of your item. Please therefore accept our apology to decline any request for redirection.

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